The role of endoscopy in the management of GERD

Gastrointest Endosc. 2015;81(6):1305-10. doi: 10.1016/j.gie.2015.02.021. Epub 2015 Apr 8.


We recommend that uncomplicated GERD be diagnosed on the basis of typical symptoms without the use of diagnostic testing, including EGD. We recommend EGD for patients who have symptoms suggesting complicated GERD or alarm symptoms. We recommend that EGD not be routinely performed solely for the assessment of extraesophageal GERD symptoms. We recommend that endoscopic findings of reflux esophagitis be classified according to an accepted grading scale or described in detail. We suggest that repeat EGD be performed in patients with severe erosive esophagitis after at least an 8-week course of PPI therapy to exclude underlying BE or dysplasia. 44BB We recommend against obtaining tissue samples from endoscopically normal tissue to diagnose GERD or exclude BE in adults. We suggest that endoscopy be considered in patients with multiple risk factors for Barrett’s esophagus. We recommend that tissue samples be obtained to confirm endoscopically suspected Barrett’s esophagus. We suggest that endoscopic antireflux therapy be considered for selected patients with uncomplicated GERD after careful discussion with the patient regarding potential adverse effects, benefits, and other available therapeutic options.

Publication types

  • Practice Guideline

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Barrett Esophagus / diagnosis*
  • Barrett Esophagus / etiology
  • Barrett Esophagus / pathology
  • Child
  • Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal
  • Esophagoscopy / methods*
  • Esophagus / pathology*
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux / complications
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux / diagnosis*
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux / surgery
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Societies, Medical