Evaluation of enzymatic activities in living systems with small-molecular fluorescent substrate probes

Anal Sci. 2015;31(4):257-65. doi: 10.2116/analsci.31.257.


In this review, we aim to present an overview of how small-molecular fluorescent substrate probes for studying enzymatic functions are developed and how they are used in biological applications, under the following four headings: (1) History of Visual Detection of Enzymatic Activities, (2) Strategies to Design Fluorescent Substrate Probes to Measure Enzymatic Activities, (3) Development of Fluorescent Substrate Probes Suitable for Biological Studies, and (4) Biological Applications of Fluorescent Substrate Probes for Studying Enzymes.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Drug Design
  • Enzyme Assays / methods*
  • Enzymes / metabolism*
  • Fluorescent Dyes / chemistry*
  • Fluorescent Dyes / metabolism*
  • Humans


  • Enzymes
  • Fluorescent Dyes