Personalized health care beyond oncology: new indications for immunoassay-based companion diagnostics

Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2015 Jun;1346(1):71-80. doi: 10.1111/nyas.12754. Epub 2015 Apr 9.


Personalized health care (PHC) is an evolving field of medicine aimed at providing the right therapy to the right patient at the right time. This approach often incorporates the use of companion diagnostics (CDx) assays that provide information essential for the safe and effective use of the corresponding drug. In addition to oncology, many other therapy areas, such as cardiovascular, neurological, and infectious and inflammatory diseases, may benefit from PHC, owing to disease complexity and heterogeneity. Furthermore, although most U.S. Food and Drug Administration-approved CDx are based on molecular-based technologies, immunoassays can provide a significant contribution to the evolution of CDx in patient management. In this review we discuss how the incorporation of biomarker immunoassays into routine diagnostic testing may allow early and definitive detection of Alzheimer's disease and enable population enrichment in clinical trials. In addition, we will describe how biomarker-based CDx immunoassays have potential utility for stratifying patients with asthma based on their potential response to therapy and for selecting treatment according to phenotypic profile. Continued research into the underlying disease pathology and development of accurate and reliable diagnostic assays may ensure that PHC becomes the future standard for many indications.

Keywords: Alzheimer's disease; asthma; biomarker; companion diagnostics; periostin; personalized health care.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Biomarkers / analysis*
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / diagnosis
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / therapy
  • Communicable Diseases / diagnosis
  • Communicable Diseases / therapy
  • Delivery of Health Care / methods*
  • Delivery of Health Care / standards
  • Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures* / standards
  • Humans
  • Immunoassay / statistics & numerical data
  • Inflammation / diagnosis
  • Inflammation / therapy
  • Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • Neoplasms / therapy
  • Nervous System Diseases / diagnosis
  • Nervous System Diseases / therapy
  • Precision Medicine / methods*


  • Biomarkers