Background: Endolymphatic sac tumors (ELSTs) are, with a prevalence of up to 16%, a component of von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease. Data from international registries regarding heritable fraction and characteristics, germline VHL mutation frequency, and prevalence are lacking.
Methods: Systematic registration of ELSTs from international centers of otorhinolaryngology and from multidisciplinary VHL centers' registries was performed. Molecular genetic analyses of the VHL gene were offered to all patients.
Results: Our population-based registry comprised 93 patients with ELST and 1789 patients with VHL. The prevalence of VHL germline mutations in apparently sporadic ELSTs was 39%. The prevalence of ELSTs in patients with VHL was 3.6%. ELST was the initial manifestation in 32% of patients with VHL-ELST.
Conclusion: Prevalence of ELST in VHL disease is much lower compared to the literature. VHL-associated ELSTs can be the first presentation of the syndrome and mimic sporadic tumors, thus emphasizing the need of molecular testing in all presentations of ELST. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Head Neck 38: 673-679, 2016.
Keywords: endolymphatic sac tumor; prevalence; temporal bone MRI; von Hippel-Lindau.
© 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.