Background: Total knee replacement currently lacks robust indications and objective follow-up metrics. Patients and healthcare staff are under-equipped to optimise outcomes. This study aims to investigate the feasibility of using an ear-worn motion sensor (e-AR, Imperial College London) to conduct objective, home-based mobility assessments in the peri-operative setting.
Methods: Fourteen patients on the waiting list for knee replacement, and 15 healthy subjects, were recruited. Pre-operatively, and at 1, 3, 6, 12 and 24 weeks post-operatively, patients underwent functional mobility testing (Timed Up and Go), knee examination (including range of motion), and an activity protocol whilst wearing the e-AR sensor. Features extracted from sensor motion data were used to assess patient performance and predict patients' recovery phase.
Results: Sensor-derived peri-operative mobility trends correlated with clinical measures in several activities, allowing functional recovery of individual subjects to be profiled and compared, including the detection of a complication. Sensor data features enabled classification of subjects into normal, pre-operative and 24-week post-operative groups with 89% (median) accuracy. Classification accuracy was reduced to 69% when including all time intervals.
Discussion: This study demonstrates a novel, objective method of assessing peri-operative mobility, which could be used to supplement surgical decision-making and facilitate community-based follow-up.
Keywords: Mobility; Post-operative; Sensor; Total knee replacement.
Copyright © 2015 IJS Publishing Group Limited. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.