Background and objective: The relationship between blood vitamin D level and clinical parameters in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has been reported with conflicting results. We explored the effects of vitamin D on clinical characteristics of patients with COPD in Korea.
Methods: The study population comprised 193 patients with COPD from Korean Obstructive Lung Disease Cohort. The plasma level of 25-OH vitamin D3 (25-OH-VitD3) was measured every year along with various clinical parameters such as lung function, 6-min walking (6MW) distance, quality of life, exacerbations and emphysema index. Generalized estimating equations and linear mixed model were used for statistical analysis.
Results: Of the 193 patients, 12 (6.2%), 28 (14.5%) and 153 (79.3%) were categorized into normal, insufficiency and deficiency groups. Clustered analysis showed that the plasma 25-OH-VitD3 level was associated with the post-bronchodilator ratio of force expiratory volume in 1 s/forced vital capacity (FEV1 /FVC) (estimated = 0.001; P = 0.022). The vitamin D deficiency group showed lower FEV1 (estimated = -0.129, P = 0.043), FEV1 % predicted (estimated = -4.994, P = 0.029) and FEV1 /FVC ratio (estimated = -0.048, P = 0.001) than did the non-deficiency group. The 6MW distance tended to be shorter in deficiency group (estimated = -17.26, P = 0.069) than in non-deficiency group. Quality of life, exacerbation and emphysema index were not associated with plasma 25-OH-VitD3 level.
Conclusions: We demonstrated a high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in Korean patients with COPD and a significant relationship between vitamin D deficiency and airflow limitation. The exercise capacity tended to be decreased in the vitamin D deficiency group.
Keywords: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; exacerbation; exercise; lung function; vitamin D.
© 2015 Asian Pacific Society of Respirology.