Bariatric surgery in patients with reduced kidney function: an analysis of short-term outcomes

Surg Obes Relat Dis. Jul-Aug 2015;11(4):828-35. doi: 10.1016/j.soard.2014.11.012. Epub 2014 Nov 20.

Abstract

Background: With rates of obesity among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) mirroring that of the general population, there is growing interest in offering bariatric surgery to these patients. We sought to determine the safety of bariatric surgery in this patient population.

Methods: Patients who underwent selected laparoscopic bariatric procedures between 2005 and 2011. Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was calculated and divided into stages of CKD. Procedures included Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), laparoscopic adjustable gastric band (LAGB), and laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (SG). Univariable analysis and multivariable adjustment was used to compare complication rates across stages of eGFR.

Results: A total of 64,589 patients were included: 64.5% underwent RYGB, 29.8% LAGB, and 5.7% SG. A total of 61.7% of patients had normal eGFR (Stage 1), 32.0% were stage 2, 5.3% were stage 3, and 1.0% were stage 4/5. After adjusting for relevant patient characteristics, there was a trend toward increasing complications from stage 1 to stage 4/5 CKD among RYGB, LAGB, and SG groups, but none were statistically significant. Similarly, major complications generally increased across stages of CKD for each procedure, but was only significant for RYGB comparing stage 3 to stage 1 (OR 1.22; 95% CI: 1.01-1.47; P = .042) and risk difference .96% (95% CI: .03-1.96). Considering only stage 4/5 CKD, overall (P = .114) and major complications (P = .032) were highest in the RYGB group, followed by SG and LAGB.

Conclusion: More advanced stages of CKD do not appear to be statistically associated with an increased risk of 30-day postoperative complications.

Keywords: ACS NSQIP; Bariatric surgery; Chronic kidney disease; Patient safety; Surgical outcomes.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Bariatric Surgery / methods*
  • Body Mass Index
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Glomerular Filtration Rate / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Obesity, Morbid / complications
  • Obesity, Morbid / surgery*
  • Ontario / epidemiology
  • Postoperative Complications / epidemiology*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Renal Insufficiency, Chronic / complications*
  • Renal Insufficiency, Chronic / physiopathology
  • Time Factors
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Weight Loss*