Poor housing construction associated with increased malaria incidence in a cohort of young Ugandan children

Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2015 Jun;92(6):1207-13. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.14-0828. Epub 2015 Apr 13.


Despite the use of accepted interventions to combat malaria, such as insecticide-treated bed nets and artemisinin-based combination therapy, malaria remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in Uganda. We investigated associations between household factors and malaria incidence in a cohort of children living in a highly endemic region of Uganda. Living in a modern house, defined as the use of non-earth floors, non-thatched roofs, and non-mud walls, was associated with approximately half malaria incidence compared with living in a traditional home (incidence rate ratio [IRR] = 0.54, P = 0.001). Other factors found to be associated with a lower incidence of malaria included living in town versus rural setting; sleeping in a room with openings to the outside (windows, eaves, and airbricks); and having an older and more educated primary caregiver. This study adds to the growing body of evidence that improved house construction may be associated with a lower risk of malaria.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Child, Preschool
  • Construction Materials
  • Family Characteristics
  • Female
  • Housing / standards
  • Housing / statistics & numerical data*
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Infant
  • Malaria / epidemiology
  • Malaria / etiology*
  • Male
  • Risk Factors
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Uganda / epidemiology