Introduction: ESWT refers to the use of Shock Waves in medical practice. It was used as an important tool in spasticity management of children with CP. The aim of our study was to evaluate the effect of a 3 session of ESWT on spastic upper and lower limbs muscles in children with CP.
Methods: Sixty-three children (37 boys and 26 girls), mean age 99.57±53.74 months, were included in the study. We used focused ESWT, applied in 3 sessions during the admission of each child, on the mainly affected muscles, using the same parameters on all patients (energy - 0.15 mJ/mm2, shot dose - 500 shocks/ session, frequency - 10 Hz). All patients were assessed two times: once, in admission (before any physical or ESWT appliance) and second, at discharge (after receiving the entire prescribed treatment), following: Modified Ashworth Scale (MAS), Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS), Gross Motor Function Measure 66 (GMFM-66) and also a Questionnaire on Pain caused by spasticity (QPS).
Results: We found a better and significant decrease of MAS level in the ESWT treated group, thus leading to a concomitant decrease of QPS score and also increase of GMFM-66 score.
Conclusion: ESWT, applied in 3 sessions, with 0.15 mJ/ mm2, using 500 shocks/ min and 10 Hz as frequency may decrease children spasticity level and pain caused by it and improve the gross motor function.
Keywords: cerebral palsy; shockwave therapy; spasticity.