Cognitive and neuropsychiatric disease manifestations in MS

Mult Scler Relat Disord. 2013 Jan;2(1):4-12. doi: 10.1016/j.msard.2012.08.001. Epub 2012 Sep 25.


Multiple sclerosis is associated with a wide array of behavioral problems. This brief overview begins with a summary of the pathophysiology and treatment of MS. Thereafter, sections are devoted to psychiatric syndromes and cognitive decline linked to MS. The immune basis and brain imaging data associated with these changes are subsequently reviewed. The frequency and severity of these changes in mentation highlight the point that MS patients should, as part of their routine care, have access to psychiatrists, neuropsychologists and allied mental health specialists.

Keywords: Cognition; Depression; MRI; Multiple sclerosis; Neuropathology; Neuropsychiatry.

Publication types

  • Review