Mania following use of ibogaine: A case series

Am J Addict. 2015 Apr;24(3):203-205. doi: 10.1111/ajad.12209. Epub 2015 Apr 14.


Background: Ibogaine is a naturally occurring hallucinogen with postulated anti-addictive qualities. While illegal domestically, a growing number of individuals have sought it out for treatment of opiate dependence, primarily in poorly regulated overseas clinics. Existing serious adverse events include cardiac and vestibular toxicity, though ours is the first report of mania stemming from its use.

Objectives: To report on a case series of psychiatric emergency room patients whose unregulated use of ibogaine resulted in mania in three patients with no prior diagnosis of bipolar illness.

Methods: Review and summarize charts of three cases. Relevant literature was also reviewed for discussion.

Results: Two cases of reported ibogaine ingestion for self-treatment of addictions, and one for psycho-spiritual experimentation resulted in symptoms consistent with mania. No prior reports of mania were found in the literature, and the literature suggests growing popularity of ibogaine's use.

Conclusions: The three cases presented demonstrate a temporal association between ibogaine ingestion and subsequent development of mania.

Scientific significance: In light of these cases, clinicians faced with a new onset mania may benefit from careful substance use and treatment history, specifically regarding opiates. In the vulnerable and often desperate addiction population, in particular, the number of patients seeking this treatment appears to be growing. We advise clinicians to be prepared for discussing the safety, efficacy, and paucity of good data regarding ibogaine with patients who may be considering its use. (Am J Addict 2015;24:203-205).

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Bipolar Disorder / chemically induced*
  • Bipolar Disorder / diagnosis
  • Bipolar Disorder / psychology
  • Developing Countries*
  • Female
  • Hallucinogens / adverse effects*
  • Humans
  • Ibogaine / adverse effects
  • Male
  • Risk Factors
  • Self Medication / adverse effects
  • Self Medication / psychology
  • Substance-Related Disorders / rehabilitation*


  • Hallucinogens
  • Ibogaine