Hysteroscopic polypectomy in an office setting: specimen quality assessment for histopathological evaluation

Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2015 Jun;189:64-7. doi: 10.1016/j.ejogrb.2015.03.011. Epub 2015 Mar 12.


Objective: Polypectomy under hysteroscopic guidance is the treatment of choice for most endometrial polyps, but mechanical or electrical effects at the time of surgery may result in artifactual displacement of tissue with obvious resultant diagnostic problems. The purpose of this study was to record qualitative and quantitative histopathological artifacts and to assess differences between artifacts found in specimens obtained by different surgical polypectomy techniques.

Study design: During the period from November 2012 to March 2013, 90 retrospective consecutive polyp histopathological slides and their reports were identified for this study. Initially reported slides were reviewed blind by two histopathologists, who were not provided with any surgical details. The issued reports and those of the reviewing pathologists were then compared.

Results: Of the 90 reviewed polyp slides, there was complete agreement on the initial issued report in all cases.

Conclusions: Removal of endometrial polyps in an office setting using mechanical instruments, bipolar electrode or a hysteroscopic morcellator provides adequate tissue for histological diagnosis, and there is no difference between these three techniques for adequacy of histological examination, despite the effects of thermal injury or tissue fragmentation.

Keywords: Bipolar electrode; Grasping forceps; Morcellator; Polypectomy.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Ambulatory Surgical Procedures
  • Artifacts
  • Endometrial Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Endometrial Neoplasms / surgery
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hysteroscopy / methods*
  • Middle Aged
  • Polyps / pathology*
  • Polyps / surgery
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Uterine Diseases / pathology*
  • Uterine Diseases / surgery