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Pubertal Growth and Epiphyseal Fusion


Pubertal Growth and Epiphyseal Fusion

Kye Shik Shim. Ann Pediatr Endocrinol Metab.


The complex networks of nutritional, cellular, paracrine, and endocrine factors are closely related with pubertal growth and epiphyseal fusion. Important influencing factors include chondrocyte differentiation capacity, multiple molecular pathways active in the growth plate, and growth hormone-insulin-like growth factor-I axis activation and epiphyseal fusion through estrogen and its receptors. However, the exact mechanisms of these phenomena are still unclear. A better understanding of the detailed processes involved in the pubertal growth spurt and growth plate closure in longitudinal bone growth will help us develop methods to efficiently promote pubertal growth and delay epiphyseal fusion with fewer adverse effects.

Keywords: Growth; Growth plate; Puberty.

Conflict of interest statement

Conflict of interest: No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.

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