Intraocular lens power selection and positioning with and without intraoperative aberrometry

J Refract Surg. 2015 Apr;31(4):237-42. doi: 10.3928/1081597X-20150319-03.

Abstract

Purpose: To determine the value of intraoperative aberrometry in cases of toric intraocular lens (IOL) implantation and positioning.

Methods: In this non-randomized retrospective comparative trial, two groups of eyes underwent cataract extraction with toric IOL implantation: the aberrometry group (n = 37 eyes), where toric IOL power and alignment were determined before surgery with automated keratometry, standard optical biometry, and an online calculator and then refined using intraoperative aberrometry, and the toric calculator group (n = 27 eyes), where IOL selection was performed in a similar manner but without intraoperative aberrometry. The primary outcome measure was mean postoperative residual refractive astigmatism (RRA).

Results: Mean RRA measured at follow-up after surgery was 0.46 ± 0.42 and 0.68 ± 0.34 diopters (D) in the aberrometry and toric calculator groups, respectively (P = .0153). A 75% and 57% reduction in cylinder was noted between preoperative keratometric astigmatism and postoperative RRA in the aberrometry and toric calculator groups, respectively (P = .0027). RRA of 0.25 D or less, 0.50 D or less, 0.75 D or less, and 1.00 D or less was seen 38%, 78%, 86%, and 95% of the time, respectively, in the aberrometry group and 22%, 33%, 74%, and 89% of the time, respectively, in the toric calculator group. These data show that the chance of a patient being in a lower postoperative RRA range increased when intraoperative aberrometry was used (P = .0130).

Conclusions: Patients undergoing cataract extraction with toric IOL placement aided by intraoperative aberrometry were 2.4 times more likely to have less than 0.50 D of RRA compared to standard methods.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Aberrometry*
  • Biometry
  • Corneal Topography
  • Humans
  • Intraocular Pressure / physiology
  • Lens Implantation, Intraocular / methods*
  • Lenses, Intraocular*
  • Monitoring, Intraoperative
  • Optics and Photonics*
  • Phacoemulsification*
  • Pseudophakia / physiopathology
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Visual Acuity / physiology