A randomized controlled trial of smartphone-based mindfulness training for smoking cessation: a study protocol

BMC Psychiatry. 2015 Apr 14;15:83. doi: 10.1186/s12888-015-0468-z.

Abstract

Background: Tobacco use is responsible for the death of about 1 in 10 individuals worldwide. Mindfulness training has shown preliminary efficacy as a behavioral treatment for smoking cessation. Recent advances in mobile health suggest advantages to smartphone-based smoking cessation treatment including smartphone-based mindfulness training. This study evaluates the efficacy of a smartphone app-based mindfulness training program for improving smoking cessation rates at 6-months follow-up.

Methods/design: A two-group parallel-randomized clinical trial with allocation concealment will be conducted. Group assignment will be concealed from study researchers through to follow-up. The study will be conducted by smartphone and online. Daily smokers who are interested in quitting smoking and own a smartphone (n = 140) will be recruited through study advertisements posted online. After completion of a baseline survey, participants will be allocated randomly to the control or intervention group. Participants in both groups will receive a 22-day smartphone-based treatment program for smoking. Participants in the intervention group will receive mobile mindfulness training plus experience sampling. Participants in the control group will receive experience sampling-only. The primary outcome measure will be one-week point prevalence abstinence from smoking (at 6-months follow-up) assessed using carbon monoxide breath monitoring, which will be validated through smartphone-based video chat.

Discussion: This is the first intervention study to evaluate smartphone-based delivery of mindfulness training for smoking cessation. Such an intervention may provide treatment in-hand, in real-world contexts, to help individuals quit smoking.

Trial registration: Clinicaltrials.gov NCT02134509 . Registered 7 May 2014.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Behavior Therapy / methods
  • Cell Phone*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Mindfulness / methods*
  • Research Design*
  • Smoking / therapy*
  • Smoking Cessation / methods*
  • Telemedicine / methods*
  • Young Adult

Associated data

  • ClinicalTrials.gov/NCT02134509