Quitting experiences and preferences for a future quit attempt: a study among inpatient smokers

BMJ Open. 2015 Apr 17;5(4):e006959. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2014-006959.


Objective: Understanding smokers' quit experiences and their preferences for a future quit attempt may aid in the development of effective cessation treatments. The aims of this study were to measure tobacco use behaviour; previous quit attempts and outcomes; methods used to assist quitting; difficulties experienced during previous attempts; the motives and preferred methods to assist quitting in a future attempt; identify the factors associated with preferences for smoking cessation.

Design: Face-to-face interview using a structured questionnaire.

Setting: Inpatient wards of three Australian public hospitals.

Participants: Hospitalised smokers enrolled in a smoking cessation trial.

Results: Of 600 enrolled patients (42.8% participation rate), 64.3% (n=386) had attempted quitting in the previous 12 months. On a scale of 1 (low) to 10 (high), current motivation to quit smoking was high (median 9; IQR 6.5-10), but confidence was modest (median 5; IQR 3-8). Among 386 participants who reported past quit attempts, 69.9% (n=270) had used at least one cessation aid to assist quitting. Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) was most commonly stated (222, 57.5%), although the majority had used NRT for <4 weeks. Hypnotherapy was the most common (68, 17.6%) non-pharmacological treatment. Over 80% (n=311) experienced withdrawal symptoms; craving and irritability were commonly reported. Most participants (351, 58.5%) believed medications, especially NRT (322, 53.7%), would assist them to quit in the future. History of previous smoking cessation medication use was the only independent predictor of interest in using medications for a future quit attempt.

Conclusions: The majority of smokers had attempted quitting in the previous 12 months; NRT was a popular cessation treatment, although it was not used as recommended by most. This suggests a need for assistance in the selection and optimal use of cessation aids for hospitalised smokers.

Trial registration number: Australian and New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry: ACTRN12612000368831.


Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Australia
  • Female
  • Hospitalization*
  • Humans
  • Inpatients
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Motivation*
  • Nicotine / therapeutic use*
  • Smoking Cessation / methods*
  • Smoking Prevention*
  • Substance Withdrawal Syndrome
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Tobacco Use Cessation Devices*
  • Tobacco Use Disorder / drug therapy
  • Tobacco Use Disorder / therapy*
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Nicotine

Associated data

  • ANZCTR/ACTRN12612000368831