Characteristics, quality of care, and in-hospital outcomes of Asian-American heart failure patients: Findings from the American Heart Association Get With The Guidelines-Heart Failure Program

Int J Cardiol. 2015;189:141-7. doi: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2015.03.400. Epub 2015 Apr 9.


Background: Because little was previously known about Asian-American patients with heart failure (HF), we compared clinical profiles, quality of care, and outcomes between Asian-American and non-Hispanic white HF patients using data from the American Heart Association Get With The Guidelines-Heart Failure (GWTG-HF) program.

Methods: We analyzed 153,023 HF patients (149,249 whites, 97.5%; 3774 Asian-Americans, 2.5%) from 356 U.S. centers participating in the GWTG-HF program (2005-2012). Baseline characteristics, quality of care metrics, in-hospital mortality, discharge to home, and length of stay were examined.

Results: Relative to white patients, Asian-American HF patients were younger, more likely to be male, uninsured or covered by Medicaid, and recruited in the western region. They had higher prevalence of diabetes, hypertension, and renal insufficiency, but similar ejection fraction. Overall, Asian-American HF patients had comparable quality of care except that they were less likely to receive aldosterone antagonists at discharge (relative risk <RR>, 0.88; 95% confidence interval <CI>, 0.78-0.99), and anticoagulation for atrial fibrillation (RR, 0.91; 95% CI, 0.85-0.97) even after risk adjustment. Compared with white patients, Asian-American patients had comparable risk adjusted in-hospital mortality (RR, 1.11; 95% CI, 0.91-1.35), length of stay>4 days (RR, 1.01; 95% CI, 0.95-1.08), and were more likely to be discharged to home (RR, 1.08; 95% CI, 1.06-1.11).

Conclusions: Despite some differences in clinical profiles, Asian-American patients hospitalized with HF receive very similar quality of care and have comparable health outcomes to their white counterparts.

Keywords: Asian-American; Clinical characteristics; Heart failure; Outcome; Quality of care.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • American Heart Association
  • Asian / statistics & numerical data*
  • Databases, Factual
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Heart Failure / diagnosis
  • Heart Failure / ethnology*
  • Heart Failure / mortality
  • Heart Failure / therapy*
  • Hospital Mortality / trends*
  • Hospitalization / statistics & numerical data*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Poisson Distribution
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic / standards
  • Quality of Health Care*
  • Registries
  • Risk Assessment
  • Survival Analysis
  • Treatment Outcome
  • United States
  • White People / statistics & numerical data