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Review
, 16 (5), 264-77

Weeding Out Bad Waves: Towards Selective Cannabinoid Circuit Control in Epilepsy

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Review

Weeding Out Bad Waves: Towards Selective Cannabinoid Circuit Control in Epilepsy

Ivan Soltesz et al. Nat Rev Neurosci.

Erratum in

  • Nat Rev Neurosci. 2015 Jun;16(6):372

Abstract

Endocannabinoids are lipid-derived messengers, and both their synthesis and breakdown are under tight spatiotemporal regulation. As retrograde signalling molecules, endocannabinoids are synthesized postsynaptically but activate presynaptic cannabinoid receptor 1 (CB1) receptors to inhibit neurotransmitter release. In turn, CB1-expressing inhibitory and excitatory synapses act as strategically placed control points for activity-dependent regulation of dynamically changing normal and pathological oscillatory network activity. Here, we highlight emerging principles of cannabinoid circuit control and plasticity, and discuss their relevance for epilepsy and related comorbidities. New insights into cannabinoid signalling may facilitate the translation of the recent interest in cannabis-related substances as antiseizure medications to evidence-based treatment strategies.

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