Over an 8-year period, extraanatomic bypass grafting was performed for peripheral arterial injuries or infections in 12 patients. The indications for use of the technique were as follows: (1) extensive loss of soft tissue over arterial injury or avulsion; (2) wound infection with rupture of a previous arterial repair; or (3) combined infections in soft tissue and the underlying artery due to illicit drug injection. The technique involved excision of the injured or infected artery beyond the margins of the debrided wound and insertion of an autogenous saphenous vein as an extraanatomic bypass graft in a medial or lateral position around the wound. Shotgun wounds were the mechanism of injury in six patients, whereas an extensive injury or infection in the brachial artery was present in eight patients. Successful wound coverage or closure was accomplished and distal arterial flow preserved in 11 patients, 5 of whom had residual neuromuscular or bony defects related to the magnitude of the original injury.