Prevalence of Thinness, Stunting and Anemia Among Rural School-aged Sudanese Children: A Cross-sectional Study

J Trop Pediatr. 2015 Aug;61(4):260-5. doi: 10.1093/tropej/fmv028. Epub 2015 Apr 20.

Abstract

Background: Nutritional status of school-aged children has an important impact on their physical and mental development. Data on anemia, thinness and wasting among school-aged Sudanese children were limited.

Aim: To determine the prevalence of anemia, thinness and wasting among school-aged Sudanese children.

Subjects and methods: This cross-sectional study enrolled 835 primary school children aged 6-14 years, who live in Dolgo area in the northern region of Sudan. Weight and height of each child were measured and body mass index (BMI) was calculated. All measurements were plotted on the World Health Organization (WHO) height for age and BMI charts. Hemoglobin was also measured for all participants, and anemia was defined according to the WHO standards.

Results: Anthropometric measurements showed that 59 children (7.1%) were stunted and 193 were thin (23.1%). The prevalence of anemia was 29.7%. Stunting, thinness and anemia were significantly common in children <10 years of age (p < 0.0001).

Conclusions: We found a high prevalence of stunting, thinness and anemia among school-aged children in a rural area in Sudan. Our findings warrant the need to implement interventions to improve nutritional status of children in Sudan.

Keywords: Anemia; Sudan; school-aged children; stunting; thinness.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Anemia / blood
  • Anemia / epidemiology*
  • Body Height
  • Body Mass Index
  • Body Weight
  • Cachexia / epidemiology
  • Child
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Growth Disorders / epidemiology*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Nutritional Status
  • Prevalence
  • Rural Population*
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Sudan / epidemiology
  • Thinness / epidemiology*