[Prevention of cardiac arrhythmias in hemodialysis: what are the modulating factors?]

Rev Med Suisse. 2015 Feb 25;11(463):505-10.
[Article in French]


Sudden death is the first cause of mortality in patients with end stage renal disease undergoing chronic dialysis treatment. The technique of dialysis as well as the chemical composition of the dialysate can impact on the incidence of cardiac arrhythmias. Pilot studies reveal that the use of an acetate-free dialysate with a downstream filter infusion of sodium bicarbonate, coupled with a modulated potassium-profiled dialysate during hemodialysis, or acetate free biofiltration with potassium profiled dialysate, reduces the incidence of arrhythmias, the QT interval and QT dispersion. The limitation of the ultrafiltration volume during the dialysis session, and the increase in calcium concentration in the dialysate are other possible strategies to reduce cardiac arrhythmias.

Publication types

  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Arrhythmias, Cardiac / prevention & control*
  • Humans
  • Renal Dialysis / methods*