Background: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a common chronic disease, which has significant detrimental effect on well-being and quality of life as well as substantial socio-economic impact. Combination pharmacotherapy is utilized by 40-50% of patients to treat their symptoms.
Objective: To compare the effects of intranasal fluticasone furoate (FF)/levocabastine (LEVO) fixed-dose combination (FDC) with each component alone on allergen-induced nasal and ocular symptoms.
Methods: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, three-way, incomplete block, cross-over, proof-of-concept study in 71 patients with AR, evaluated FF 100 μg, LEVO 200 μg and FDC (FF 100/LEVO 200 μg), once daily via intranasal spray for 8 days. On days 1 and 8, total nasal symptom score (TNSS) and total ocular symptom score (TOSS) were assessed every 15 min during a 4-h allergen exposure in the Vienna Challenge Chamber. The primary endpoint was Day 8 weighted mean TNSS.
Results: After 8 days, FDC resulted in both statistically and clinically significant reductions in mean TNSS compared with FF and LEVO alone [adjusted mean differences (95% CI): FDC vs. FF: -2.26 (-2.90, -1.62); FDC vs. LEVO: -2.57 (-3.21, -1.93)]. All active treatments were significantly superior to placebo [adjusted mean difference (95% CI) from placebo: FDC: -4.1 (-4.86, -3.34); FF: -1.84 (-2.66, -1.03); LEVO: -1.53 (-2.34, -0.72)]. Onset of action was rapid following FDC and LEVO treatment with an approximate two unit reduction in mean TNSS from pre-dose levels by 30 min and 1 h. Mean TOSS was also reduced following all active treatments relative to placebo (range 0.6-0.8 unit reduction). All treatments were equally well tolerated.
Conclusions and clinical relevance: These results suggest that once daily FF/LEVO FDC could provide a clinical therapeutic advantage to existing standard monotherapies in the treatment of moderate-to-severe AR, and support progression to evaluation in larger phase III clinical studies.
Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01957202.
Keywords: allergy; antihistamine; efficacy; steroids.
© 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.