Hope, anger, and depression as mediators for forgiveness and social behavior in Turkish children

J Psychol. May-Aug 2015;149(3-4):378-93. doi: 10.1080/00223980.2014.881313. Epub 2014 Apr 3.


This study examined the mediating effects of hope, anger, and depression in the associations between forgiveness and social behavior, in fourth grade students in Turkey. The 352 fourth grade primary school students were involved in the study. The average age was 9.98 and 56.3% were boys. The Enright Forgiveness Inventory for Children (EFI-C), the Beck Anger Inventory for Youth (BANI-Y), the Children Hope Scale (CHS), the Social Behavior Questionnaire (SBQ), and the Children's Depression Inventory (CDI) were used. Results showed that depression mediates the relationship between anger and antisocial behavior and between hope and antisocial behavior. Anger mediates the relationship between hope and depression and between hope and antisocial behavior. Forgiveness was related to anger and hope directly. Implications of this study for child counseling were discussed.

Keywords: anger; depression; forgiveness; hope; social behavior.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Anger*
  • Child
  • Depression / psychology*
  • Female
  • Forgiveness*
  • Hope*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Social Behavior*
  • Turkey