Basic concepts for crew resource management and non-technical skills

Best Pract Res Clin Anaesthesiol. 2015 Mar;29(1):27-39. doi: 10.1016/j.bpa.2015.02.002. Epub 2015 Feb 20.


In this paper, we explain the conceptual background to non-technical skills and show how they can influence job performance in anaesthesia. We then describe the taxonomy of anaesthetists' non-technical skills (ANTS) and related systems, such as ANTS-AP for anaesthetic practitioners. We discuss the training courses that have been designed to teach these non-technical skills, which are called crew resource management (CRM), crisis resource management (CRM) or crisis avoidance resource management (CARMA). Finally, we discuss the application of non-technical skills assessment systems.

Keywords: assessment; non-technical skills; training.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anesthesiology / education*
  • Clinical Competence / standards*
  • Education, Continuing*
  • Humans