Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
Review
. 2015 Mar;29(1):87-96.
doi: 10.1016/j.bpa.2015.01.002. Epub 2015 Jan 28.

Briefing and Debriefing During Simulation-Based Training and Beyond: Content, Structure, Attitude and Setting

Affiliations
Review

Briefing and Debriefing During Simulation-Based Training and Beyond: Content, Structure, Attitude and Setting

Michaela Kolbe et al. Best Pract Res Clin Anaesthesiol. .

Abstract

In this article, we review the debriefing literature and point to the dilemma that although debriefings especially intend to enhance team (rather than individual) learning, it is particularly this team setting that poses risks for debriefing effectiveness (e.g., preference-consistent information sharing, lack of psychological safety inhibiting structured information sharing, ineffective debriefing models). These risks can be managed with a mindful approach with respect to content (e.g., specific learning objectives), structure (e.g., reactions phase, analysis phase, summary phase), attitude (e.g., honesty, curiosity, holding the trainee in positive regard) and setting (e.g., briefings to provide orientation and establish psychological safety). We point to the potential of integrating systemic methods such as circular questions into debriefings, discuss the empirical evidence for debriefing effectiveness and highlight the importance of faculty development.

Keywords: communication; debriefing; learning; patient simulation; safety.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 7 articles

See all "Cited by" articles

LinkOut - more resources

Feedback