In vitro flow investigations in the aortic arch during cardiopulmonary bypass with stereo-PIV

J Biomech. 2015 Jul 16;48(10):2005-11. doi: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2015.03.030. Epub 2015 Apr 3.

Abstract

The cardiopulmonary bypass is related to complications like stroke or hypoxia. The cannula jet is suspected to be one reason for these complications, due to the sandblast effect on the vessel wall. Several in silico and in vitro studies investigated the underlying mechanisms, but the applied experimental flow measurement techniques were not able to address the highly three-dimensional flow character with a satisfying resolution. In this work in vitro flow measurements in a cannulated and a non-cannulated aortic silicone model are presented. Stereo particle image velocimetry measurements in multiple planes were carried out. By assembling the data of the different measurement planes, quasi 3D velocity fields with a resolution of~1.5×1.5×2.5 mm(3) were obtained. The resulting velocity fields have been compared regarding magnitude, streamlines and vorticity. The presented method shows to be a suitable in vitro technique to measure and address the three-dimensional aortic CPB cannula flow with a high temporal and spatial resolution.

Keywords: Aortic flow; Cannulation; Cardiopulmonary bypass; Particle image velocimetry.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aorta, Thoracic / physiology*
  • Blood Flow Velocity
  • Cardiopulmonary Bypass*
  • Catheterization
  • Hemodynamics*
  • Imaging, Three-Dimensional*
  • Rheology*