Fuchsiella Ferrireducens Sp. Nov., a Novel Haloalkaliphilic, Lithoautotrophic Homoacetogen Capable of Iron Reduction, and Emendation of the Description of the Genus Fuchsiella

Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2015 Aug;65(8):2432-40. doi: 10.1099/ijs.0.000278. Epub 2015 Apr 23.

Abstract

Two strains of haloalkaliphilic homoacetogenic bacteria capable of iron reduction, Z-7101T and Z-7102, were isolated from soda lake Tanatar III (Altai, Russia). Cells of both strains were flexible, motile, Gram-negative, spore-forming rods. The strains were mesophilic and obligately alkaliphilic: the pH range for growth was 8.5-10.2 (pHopt 9.8). Growth depended on carbonate and chloride ions. The strains were able to grow chemolithoautotrophically on H2+CO2, producing acetate as the only metabolic product. In medium with carbonates as the only potential electron acceptor, the following substrates were utilized for chemo-organotrophic growth: pyruvate, lactate, ethanol, 1-propanol, ethylene glycol and 1-butanol. Strain Z-7101T was able to reduce nitrate, selenate, thiosulfate and anthraquinone 2,6-disulfonate with ethanol as an electron donor. It was also able to reduce synthesized ferrihydrite to siderite with molecular hydrogen or organic compounds, including acetate and formate, as electron donors. It was able to reduce S0 with acetate or formate as electron donors. The DNA G+C content of strain Z-7101T was 34.6 mol%. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that strains Z-7101T and Z-7102 were members of the order Halanaerobiales and family Halobacteroidaceae, clustering with Fuchsiella alkaliacetigena Z-7100T (98.9-98.4% similarity). DNA-DNA hybridization was 63.0% between strain Z-7101T and F. alkaliacetigena Z-7100T. Based on morphological and physiological differences from F. alkaliacetigena Z-7100T and the results of phylogenetic analysis and DNA-DNA hybridization, it is proposed to assign strains Z-7101T and Z-7102 ( = DSM 26052 = VKM B-2790) to the novel species Fuchsiellaferrireducens sp. nov. The type strain is strain Z-7101T ( = DSM 26031T = VKM B-2766T).

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Base Composition
  • Chemoautotrophic Growth
  • DNA, Bacterial / genetics
  • Fatty Acids / chemistry
  • Firmicutes / classification*
  • Firmicutes / genetics
  • Firmicutes / isolation & purification
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Iron / metabolism*
  • Lakes / microbiology
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Nucleic Acid Hybridization
  • Phylogeny*
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 16S / genetics
  • Russia
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • Water Microbiology*

Substances

  • DNA, Bacterial
  • Fatty Acids
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 16S
  • Iron