In this work, a novel sandwich-type electrochemical immunosensor has been developed for simultaneous detection of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and α-fetoprotein (AFP) based on metal ion labels. Gold nanoparticles decorated multiwall carbon nanotubes (AuNPs@MWCNTs) were used as carriers to immobilize secondary antibodies and distinguishable electrochemical tags of Pb(2+) and Cd(2+) to amplify the signals. Due to the intrinsic property of high surface-to-volume ratio, the AuNPs@MWCNTs could load numerous secondary antibodies and labels. Therefore, the multiplexed immunoassay exhibited good sensitivity and selectivity. Experimental results revealed that this sandwich-type immunoassay displayed an excellent linear response, with a linear range of 0.01 to 60 ng mL(-1) for both analytes and detection limits of 3.0 pg mL(-1) for CEA and 4.5 pg mL(-1) for AFP (at a signal-to-noise ratio of 3). The method was successfully applied for the determination of AFP and CEA levels in clinical serum samples.
Keywords: Carcinoembryonic antigen; Gold nanoparticles decorated multiwall carbon nanotubes; Multiplex assay; Pb(2+) and Cd(2+); α-Fetoprotein.
Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.