Almutairi's Critical Cultural Competence model for a multicultural healthcare environment

Nurs Inq. 2015 Dec;22(4):317-25. doi: 10.1111/nin.12099. Epub 2015 Apr 24.


The increasing demographic changes of populations in many countries require an approach for managing the complexity of sociocultural differences. Such an approach could help healthcare organizations to address healthcare disparities and inequities, and promote cultural safety for healthcare providers and patients alike. Almutairi's critical cultural competence (CCC) is a comprehensive approach that holds great promise for managing difficulties arising from sociocultural and linguistic issues during cross-cultural interactions. CCC has addressed the limitations of many other cultural competence approaches that have been discussed in the literature. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to define the construct of CCC and the theoretical components of the CCC.

Keywords: cultural competence; cultural safety; empowerment; healthcare disparities.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cultural Competency*
  • Cultural Diversity*
  • Health Personnel / psychology
  • Healthcare Disparities*
  • Humans
  • Models, Psychological
  • Models, Theoretical
  • Power, Psychological