Toxic metal (Pb, Cd, Cr, and Hg) levels in Rapana venosa (Valenciennes, 1846), Eriphia verrucosa (Forskal, 1775), and sediment samples from the Black Sea littoral (Thrace, Turkey)

Mar Pollut Bull. 2015 Jun 15;95(1):215-22. doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2015.04.016. Epub 2015 Apr 22.


Rapana venosa (Valenciennes, 1846) and Eriphia verrucosa (Forskal, 1775) are the dominant benthic invertebrate species along the Thrace Coast of the western Black Sea. The aim of this study was to determine toxic metal (Hg, Cr, Cd, and Pb) accumulation levels in these species, as well as within littoral sediments from this area. Our results showed that all of the metals, except for Cd, were below that in average shale. The measured accumulation levels were mostly within the range of what is naturally found within the earth's crust. However, some study stations did have increased concentrations, indicating anthropogenic pollution in these areas. The Cd contents of E. verrucosa collected from all our study stations were well above the limits set by the Turkish Food Codex, especially in Kıyıköy, whereas Pb content was close to the limit at all stations and exceeded the limit in Kıyıköy, but Hg content was below the limit at all stations. Cd content of R. venosa exceeded the limit only in Kumköy. Pb content was below the limit, and Hg was at or slightly above the limit at all stations.

Keywords: Black Sea; Eriphia verrucosa; Rapana venosa; Sediment; Toxic metals.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Black Sea
  • Brachyura / metabolism*
  • Cadmium / analysis
  • Carbon / analysis
  • Carbon Compounds, Inorganic / analysis
  • Chromium / analysis
  • Environmental Monitoring / methods*
  • Gastropoda / metabolism*
  • Geologic Sediments / chemistry
  • Heavy Metal Poisoning
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Lead / analysis
  • Mercury / analysis
  • Metals, Heavy / analysis*
  • Oceans and Seas
  • Poisoning
  • Salinity
  • Turkey
  • Water Pollutants, Chemical / analysis*


  • Carbon Compounds, Inorganic
  • Metals, Heavy
  • Water Pollutants, Chemical
  • Cadmium
  • Chromium
  • Lead
  • Carbon
  • Mercury