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. 2016 Jul;29(4):317-29.
doi: 10.1111/jar.12181. Epub 2015 Apr 27.

The Effectiveness of a Weight Maintenance Intervention for Adults With Intellectual Disabilities and Obesity: A Single Stranded Study

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The Effectiveness of a Weight Maintenance Intervention for Adults With Intellectual Disabilities and Obesity: A Single Stranded Study

Dimitrios Spanos et al. J Appl Res Intellect Disabil. .

Abstract

Background: The evidence base for weight management programmes incorporating a weight loss and a weight maintenance phase for adults with intellectual disabilities (ID) is limited. This study describes the weight maintenance phase of a multicomponent weight management programme for adults with intellectual disability and obesity (TAKE 5).

Materials and methods: Thirty-one participants who had completed the 16 week TAKE five weight loss intervention (Phase I) were invited to participate in a 12 month weight maintenance intervention (Phase II). Content included recommendations of the National Weight Control Registry.

Results: Twenty-eight participants completed Phase II with 50.4% maintaining their weight (mean weight change -0.5 kg, SD 2.2), 28.7% gaining weight (mean weight gain 5.4 kg, SD 2.2) and 21.6% losing weight (mean weight loss -8.0 kg, SD 3.0) at 12 months.

Conclusion: Further research is justified to investigate the efficacy of weight loss maintenance interventions in adults with intellectual disability and obesity, using controlled study designs.

Keywords: intellectual disabilities; obesity; single stranded; weight maintenance; weight management.

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