A simple method for isolation and purification of DIBOA-Glc from Tripsacum dactyloides

Nat Prod Commun. 2014 Sep;9(9):1283-6.


Naturally occurring benzoxazinones (Bx) are a highly reactive class of compounds that have received particular attention in the past several decades. Recently, we identified 2-β-D-glucopyranosyloxy-4-hydroxy-1,4-benzoxazin-3-one (DIBOA-Glc) as the compound present in the roots of Eastern gamagrass {Tripsacum dactyloides (L.)} responsible for atrazine degradation. However, characterization of the DIBOA-Glc/atrazine degradation reaction has been limited due to difficulties in attaining sufficient quantities of purified DIBOA-Glc. The objective of the study was to develop a simple purification and isolation method for obtaining bulk quantities of highly purified DIBOA-Glc. T. dactyloides roots were extracted with 90% aqueous methanol, and the crude extract was fractionated using an HPLC equipped with a C8 semi-prep column and fraction collector. UHPLC-DAD-MS/MS was used to confirm the identity of DIBOA-Glc in the fractions collected. Analysis by 13C and 1H NMR and DAD indicated that 542 mg of DIBOA-Glc with a purity of > 99% was obtained. The reactivity of the DIBOA-Glc was confirmed in a 16 hour assay with atrazine, which resulted in 48.5% ± 1.2% (SD) atrazine degradation. The method described here offers several advantages over existing extraction and synthesis methods, which are more cumbersome, use hazardous chemicals, and yield only small quantities of purified compound. The newly developed method will facilitate future research characterizing the chemical behavior of DIBOA-Glc and determine its potential as an atrazine mitigation and remediation tool.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Benzoxazines / chemistry*
  • Benzoxazines / isolation & purification*
  • Chemical Fractionation / methods*
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid / methods*
  • Plant Extracts / chemistry*
  • Plant Extracts / isolation & purification*
  • Plant Roots / chemistry
  • Poaceae / chemistry*
  • Tandem Mass Spectrometry / methods*


  • (2R)-2-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-4-hydroxy-2H-1,4-benzoxazin-3(4H)-one
  • Benzoxazines
  • Plant Extracts