Background: The objective of this study was to investigate the change of platelet function and platelet mitochondrial membrane potential in contentious-flow left ventricular assist device (CF-LVAD)-implanted heart failure (HF) patients with or without systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS).
Methods and results: We recruited 31 CF-LVAD patients (16 SIRS and 15 non-SIRS) and 11 healthy volunteers as control. Pre- and post-implantation blood samples were collected. We used PFA-100 to test platelet functionality. Mitochondrial potential-sensitive dye was used to detect platelet dysfunction (mitochondrial membrane potential; ΔΨm) via flow cytometry. The percentage of depolarized-ΔΨm platelets was found to be a preexisting condition in all HF patients before CF-LVAD implantation compared with control subjects (10.3 ± 6.3% vs 2.8 ± 2.2%; P < .001). As evident from the PFA-100 test, the HF patients who developed SIRS after CF-LVAD implantation had significantly more qualitative platelet defects and thrombocytopathies compared with baseline. After implantation, the depolarized platelets in the SIRS patients increased by 2-fold compared with baseline (18.2 ± 8.4% vs 9.0 ± 6.6%; P < .01); whereas no change was noticed in the non-SIRS patients (10.9 ± 6.2% vs 11.7 ± 5.8%; P = .75).
Conclusions: We identified that platelet function and mitochondrial damage were enhanced in CF-LVAD patients with SIRS. Our findings suggest that depolarization of mitochondrial membrane potential is associated with SIRS after CF-LVAD implantation surgery.
Keywords: Heart failure; left ventricular assist device; platelet mitochondrial dysfunction; systemic inflammatory response syndrome.
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