Are two different projections of the inlet view necessary for the percutaneous placement of iliosacral screws?

Bone Joint J. 2015 May;97-B(5):705-10. doi: 10.1302/0301-620X.97B5.34959.


We hypothesised that the anterior and posterior walls of the body of the first sacral vertebra could be visualised with two different angles of inlet view, owing to the conical shape of the sacrum. Six dry male cadavers with complete pelvic rings and eight dry sacrums with K-wires were used to study the effect of canting (angling the C-arm) the fluoroscope towards the head in 5° increments from 10° to 55°. Fluoroscopic images were taken in each position. Anterior and posterior angles of inclination were measured between the upper sacrum and the vertical line on the lateral view. Three authors separately selected the clearest image for overlapping anterior cortices and the upper sacral canal in the cadaveric models. The dry bone and K-wire models were scored by the authors, being sure to check whether the K-wire was in or out. In the dry bone models the mean score of the relevant inlet position of the anterior or posterior inclination was 8.875 (standard deviation (sd) 0.35), compared with the inlet position of the opposite inclination of -5.75 (sd 4.59). We found that two different inlet views should be used separately to evaluate the borders of the body of the sacrum using anterior and posterior inclination angles of the sacrum, during placement of iliosacral screws.

Keywords: Iliosacral screw; Inlet anterior; Inlet posterior; Inlet view; Sacral body inclination.

MeSH terms

  • Bone Screws*
  • Cadaver
  • Humans
  • Ilium / surgery*
  • Male
  • Prosthesis Implantation / methods*
  • Prosthesis Implantation / standards
  • Sacrum / surgery*