Treatment of ulcers with ablative fractional lasers

Semin Cutan Med Surg. 2015 Mar;34(1):37-41. doi: 10.12788/j.sder.2015.0128.

Abstract

Chronic, nonhealing ulcers are a frustrating therapeutic challenge and investigation of innovative therapies continues to be an important research pursuit. One unique and newly applied intervention is the use of ablative fractional lasers. This technology has recently been employed for the treatment of hypertrophic, disfiguring and function-limiting scars, and was first shown to induce healing of chronic wounds in patients with persistent ulcers and erosions within traumatic scars. Recent reports suggest it may be applicable for other types of chronic wounds as well. The mechanism of action for this modality remains to be elucidated but possible factors include laser-induced collagen remodeling, photomicrodebridement and disruption of biofilms, and induction of a proper wound healing cascade.

Keywords: ablative fractional laser; carbon dioxide laser; chronic wounds; wound healing.