Reversible and Asymptomatic Gyral and Subarachnoid Contrast Enhancement after Carotid Stenting

Neuroradiol J. 2015 Apr;28(2):184-6. doi: 10.1177/1971400915576630. Epub 2015 Apr 13.


The presence of sulcal hyperdensity in patients after endovascular procedures is not necessarily attributable to hemorrhage. It may frequently indicate the absolute or concomitant extravasation of contrast material into the subarachnoid spaces.This case report describes the clinical case of an 84-year-old patient with 90% stenosis of the right internal carotid who presented with a diffuse gyral and sulcal hyperdensity in the right temporal-occipital and frontal lobes at routine post-carotid stenting (CAS) brain CT scan. The patient was asymptomatic and CT findings were interpreted as contrast enhancement hyperattenuation and no therapeutic decisions were made. A 24-hour follow-up brain CT demonstrated the complete resolution of the hyperdensity, confirming the diagnosis.In this patient we considered the concomitant presence of gyral and sulcal hyperdensity as the consequence of reversible damage to the blood-brain barrier (BBB) determining a transitory extravasation of contrast material. Asymptomatic gyral and subarachnoid contrast enhancement following CAS is generally indicative of benign and transitory damage to the BBB and is not to be misinterpreted as hemorrhage.

Keywords: carotid angioplasty and stenting; contrast extravasation.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Carotid Stenosis / diagnostic imaging*
  • Carotid Stenosis / surgery*
  • Contrast Media / adverse effects*
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Extravasation of Diagnostic and Therapeutic Materials / diagnostic imaging*
  • Extravasation of Diagnostic and Therapeutic Materials / etiology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Radiography
  • Remission, Spontaneous
  • Subarachnoid Space / diagnostic imaging*


  • Contrast Media