Intracranial trigeminal schwannoma

Neuroradiol J. 2015 Feb;28(1):36-41. doi: 10.15274/NRJ-2014-10117.


Intracranial trigeminal schwannomas are rare tumors. Patients usually present with symptoms of trigeminal nerve dysfunction, the most common symptom being facial pain. MRI is the imaging modality of choice and is usually diagnostic in the appropriate clinical setting. The thin T2-weighted CISS 3D axial sequence is important for proper assessment of the cisternal segment of the nerve. They are usually hypointense on T1, hyperintense on T2 with avid enhancement post gadolinium. CT scan is supplementary to MRI, particularly for tumors located in the skull base. Imaging plays a role in diagnosis and surgical planning. In this pictorial essay, we retrospectively reviewed imaging findings in nine patients with pathologically proven trigeminal schwannoma. Familiarity with the imaging findings of intracranial trigeminal schwannoma may help to diagnose this entity.

Keywords: MR; schwannoma; trigeminal nerve.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Cohort Studies
  • Cranial Nerve Neoplasms / diagnosis*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neurilemmoma / diagnosis*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Trigeminal Nerve Diseases / diagnosis*