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Observational Study
. 2015 Jul;62(1):22-6.
doi: 10.1016/j.jvs.2015.02.027. Epub 2015 Apr 30.

Morbidity and Mortality After Use of Iliac Conduits for Endovascular Aortic Aneurysm Repair

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Observational Study

Morbidity and Mortality After Use of Iliac Conduits for Endovascular Aortic Aneurysm Repair

Prateek K Gupta et al. J Vasc Surg. .

Abstract

Objective: Although placement of an open iliac conduit for endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) is generally felt to result in higher morbidity and mortality, published literature is scarce. Our objective was to assess 30-day outcomes after elective EVAR with an open iliac conduit using a multi-institutional database.

Methods: Patients who underwent elective EVAR (n = 14,339) for abdominal aortic aneurysm were identified from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program 2005 to 2011 database. Univariable and multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed.

Results: An open iliac conduit was used in 231 patients (1.6%), and the remainder had femoral exposure or percutaneous EVAR. Women comprised 32% of patients with iliac conduits in contrast to 17% of those without iliac conduits. Patients with iliac conduits were older and had a lower body mass index. Univariable analysis showed patients with open iliac conduits had a higher incidence of postoperative pneumonia (3.0% vs 1.1%), ventilator dependence (4.8% vs 1.0%), renal failure (3.0% vs 0.7%), cardiac arrest or myocardial infarction (5.2% vs 1.1%), return to the operating room (9.1% vs 3.7%), major morbidity (16.0 vs 6.6%), and death (3.0% vs 0.9%). On multivariable analysis, the use of open iliac conduits was associated with higher risk of 30-day mortality (odds ratio, 2.7; 95% confidence interval, 1.2-6.0) and 30-day major morbidity (odds ratio, 2.3; 95% confidence interval, 1.6-3.3).

Conclusions: Patients with open iliac conduits for EVAR are more likely to be female and have higher postoperative morbidity and mortality. For patients with complex iliac artery disease, conduits are a viable alternative after EVAR to be performed, albeit at an increased risk. These data do suggest the need for lower-profile grafts and other alternative strategies for navigating complex iliac artery disease.

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