Background: Endoscopic transmural drainage of pancreatic pseudocysts (PPs) by using double-pigtail (DP) plastic stents requires placement of multiple stents and can be restricted by inadequate drainage and leakage risk. Recently, the use of fully covered self-expanding metal stents (FCSEMSs) has been reported as an alternative to DP plastic stents.
Objective: To evaluate the clinical outcomes, success rate, and adverse events of EUS-guided drainage of PPs with DP plastic stents and FCSEMSs.
Design: Retrospective cohort study.
Setting: Two tertiary-care academic medical centers.
Patients: This study involved 230 patients (mean age, 52.6 years) with PPs who underwent EUS-guided transmural drainage including 118 that were drained by using DP plastic stents and 112 by using FCSEMSs. A transgastric approach was used in 210 patients (91%), and transduodenal drainage was performed in 20 patients (9%).
Interventions: Stent deployment under EUS guidance.
Main outcome measurements: Technical success, early adverse events, stent occlusion requiring reintervention, and long-term success.
Results: At 12-month follow-up after the initial procedure, complete resolution of PPs by using DP plastic stents was lower compared with those that underwent drainage with FCSEMSs (89% vs 98%; P = .01). Procedural adverse events were noted in 31% in the DP plastic stent group and 16% in the FCSEMS group (P = .006). On multivariable analysis, patients with plastic stents were 2.9 times more likely to experience adverse events (odds ratio 2.9; 95% confidence interval, 1.4-6.3).
Limitations: Retrospective study.
Conclusion: In patients with PPs, EUS-guided drainage by using FCSEMSs improves clinical outcomes and lowers adverse event rates compared with those drained with DP plastic stents.
Copyright © 2015 American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.