How actin initiates the motor activity of Myosin

Dev Cell. 2015 May 26;33(4):401-12. doi: 10.1016/j.devcel.2015.03.025. Epub 2015 Apr 30.


Fundamental to cellular processes are directional movements driven by molecular motors. A common theme for these and other molecular machines driven by ATP is that controlled release of hydrolysis products is essential for using the chemical energy efficiently. Mechanochemical transduction by myosin motors on actin is coupled to unknown structural changes that result in the sequential release of inorganic phosphate (Pi) and MgADP. We present here a myosin structure possessing an actin-binding interface and a tunnel (back door) that creates an escape route for Pi with a minimal rotation of the myosin lever arm that drives movements. We propose that this state represents the beginning of the powerstroke on actin and that Pi translocation from the nucleotide pocket triggered by actin binding initiates myosin force generation. This elucidates how actin initiates force generation and movement and may represent a strategy common to many molecular machines.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Actins / metabolism*
  • Adenosine Triphosphatases / metabolism
  • Adenosine Triphosphate / metabolism*
  • Animals
  • Chickens
  • Crystallography, X-Ray
  • Hydrolysis
  • Models, Molecular
  • Motor Activity / physiology*
  • Myosins / metabolism*
  • Phosphates / metabolism*
  • Protein Binding
  • Protein Conformation
  • Stress, Mechanical
  • Swine


  • Actins
  • Phosphates
  • Adenosine Triphosphate
  • Adenosine Triphosphatases
  • Myosins