Use of Conventional and Alternative Tobacco and Nicotine Products Among a Sample of Canadian Youth

J Adolesc Health. 2015 Jul;57(1):123-5. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2015.03.006. Epub 2015 Apr 28.


Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the use of conventional and alternative tobacco and nicotine products among secondary school students.

Methods: Respondents were 44,163 grade 9-12 students who participated in Year 2 (2013-2014) of COMPASS, a cohort study of 89 purposefully sampled secondary schools in Ontario and Alberta, Canada. Past-month use of various tobacco and nicotine products was assessed, as well as correlates of use, using a generalized linear mixed effects model.

Results: Overall, 21.2% of the sample reported past-month use of any tobacco or nicotine product, with 7.2% reporting past-month use of e-cigarettes. E-cigarette users reported significantly greater prevalence of current use for all products. Students who were male, white, had more spending money, and had a history of tobacco use were more likely to report past-month use of e-cigarettes.

Conclusions: Approximately one fifth of youth reported past-month use of a nicotine product, with e-cigarettes being the third most common product. Overall, the findings suggest a rapidly evolving nicotine market.

Keywords: Alternative tobacco products; Electronic cigarettes; Nicotine.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Canada / epidemiology
  • Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems / statistics & numerical data*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Sex Factors
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Tobacco Use / epidemiology*