Background: This article helps define the basic principles to diagnosis and manage one of the surgically correctable causes of the 'painful groin', which is commonly described as the sportsman's groin.
Discussion: Often many surgeons will describe a single pathology for the sportsman's groin such as a 'hernia' but often other coexisting etiologies may be present. Management relies on a multidisciplinary approach with a diagnosis initially made by a history of pain in the groin on exercise. Physiotherapy is the recommended first line treatment and is designed to concentrate on strengthening of the abdominal wall muscle and tendon groups around the groin area. Surgery does have a role in the sportsman's groin but only once all conservative measures have been exhausted or if there is a clear identified pathology causing the groin symptoms such as posterior wall defect. Surgical principles for an inguinal disruption include either open or laparoscopic techniques reinforcing the inguinal canal with a mesh or suture repair followed by an active rehabilitation programme.
Summary: Once an accurate diagnosis has been achieved, contemporary guidance for inguinal disruption requires a multidisciplinary approach including a specially designed physiotherapy regime and possibly surgery.