Forkhead Box O6 (FoxO6) Depletion Attenuates Hepatic Gluconeogenesis and Protects Against Fat-induced Glucose Disorder in Mice

J Biol Chem. 2015 Jun 19;290(25):15581-94. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M115.650994. Epub 2015 May 5.


Excessive endogenous glucose production contributes to fasting hyperglycemia in diabetes. FoxO6 is a distinct member of the FoxO subfamily. To elucidate the role of FoxO6 in hepatic gluconeogenesis and assess its contribution to the pathogenesis of fasting hyperglycemia in diabetes, we generated FoxO6 knock-out (FoxO6-KO) mice followed by determining the effect of FoxO6 loss-of-function on hepatic gluconeogenesis under physiological and pathological conditions. FoxO6 depletion attenuated hepatic gluconeogenesis and lowered fasting glycemia in FoxO6-KO mice. FoxO6-deficient primary hepatocytes were associated with reduced capacities to produce glucose in response to glucagon. When fed a high fat diet, FoxO6-KO mice exhibited significantly enhanced glucose tolerance and reduced blood glucose levels accompanied by improved insulin sensitivity. These effects correlated with attenuated hepatic gluconeogenesis in FoxO6-KO mice. In contrast, wild-type littermates developed fat-induced glucose intolerance with a concomitant induction of fasting hyperinsulinemia and hyperglycemia. Furthermore, FoxO6-KO mice displayed significantly diminished macrophage infiltration into liver and adipose tissues, correlating with the reduction of macrophage expression of C-C chemokine receptor 2 (CCR2), a factor that is critical for regulating macrophage recruitment in peripheral tissues. Our data indicate that FoxO6 depletion protected against diet-induced glucose intolerance and insulin resistance by attenuating hepatic gluconeogenesis and curbing macrophage infiltration in liver and adipose tissues in mice.

Keywords: FoxO6; diabetes; gluconeogenesis; glucose metabolism; liver; mice; obesity.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adipose Tissue / metabolism
  • Adipose Tissue / pathology
  • Animals
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Dietary Fats / adverse effects*
  • Dietary Fats / pharmacology
  • Forkhead Transcription Factors / genetics
  • Forkhead Transcription Factors / metabolism*
  • Gluconeogenesis / drug effects*
  • Gluconeogenesis / genetics
  • Hyperglycemia / chemically induced
  • Hyperglycemia / genetics
  • Hyperglycemia / metabolism*
  • Hyperglycemia / pathology
  • Hyperglycemia / prevention & control
  • Hyperinsulinism / chemically induced
  • Hyperinsulinism / genetics
  • Hyperinsulinism / metabolism*
  • Hyperinsulinism / pathology
  • Hyperinsulinism / prevention & control
  • Liver / metabolism*
  • Liver / pathology
  • Macrophages / metabolism
  • Macrophages / pathology
  • Mice
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Receptors, CCR2 / genetics
  • Receptors, CCR2 / metabolism


  • Ccr2 protein, mouse
  • Dietary Fats
  • Forkhead Transcription Factors
  • Foxo6 protein, mouse
  • Receptors, CCR2