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, 39 (2), 124-8

Toxicity of Polyunsaturated Aldehydes of Diatoms to Indo-Pacific Bioindicator Organism Echinometra Mathaei

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Toxicity of Polyunsaturated Aldehydes of Diatoms to Indo-Pacific Bioindicator Organism Echinometra Mathaei

Davide Sartori et al. Drug Chem Toxicol.

Abstract

Although it is well known suitability of early developmental stages of sea urchin as recommended model for pollutant toxicity testing, little is known about the sensitivity of Indo-Pacific species Echinometra mathaei to polyunsaturated aldehydes. In this study, the effect of three short chain aldehydes, 2,4-decadienal (DD), 2,4-octadienal (OD) and 2,4-heptadienal (HD), normally found in many diatoms, such as Skeletonema costatum, Skeletonema marinoi and Thalassiosira rotula, was evaluated on larval development of E. mathaei embryos. Aldehydes affected larval development in a dose-dependent manner, in particular HD>OD>DD; the results of this study highlighted the higher sensitivity of this species toward aldehydes compared with data registered for other sea urchin species. In comparison with studies reported in the literature, contrasting results were observed during our tests; therefore, an increasing toxic effect was registered with decreasing the chain length of aldehydes. This work could provide new insights in the development of new toxicological assays toward most sensitive species.

Keywords: Bioindicator organism; diatom; polyunsaturated aldehydes; sea urchin; toxicity.

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