Heart failure: advanced development in genetics and epigenetics

Biomed Res Int. 2015;2015:352734. doi: 10.1155/2015/352734. Epub 2015 Apr 9.


Heart failure (HF) is a complex pathophysiological syndrome that arises from a primary defect in the ability of the heart to take in and/or eject sufficient blood. Genetic mutations associated with familial dilated cardiomyopathy, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, and arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy can contribute to the various pathologies of HF. Therefore, genetic screening could be an approach for guiding individualized therapies and surveillance. In addition, epigenetic regulation occurs via key mechanisms, including ATP-dependent chromatin remodeling, DNA methylation, histone modification, and RNA-based mechanisms. MicroRNA is also a hot spot in HF research. This review gives an overview of genetic mutations associated with cardiomyopathy and the roles of some epigenetic mechanisms in HF.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Epigenesis, Genetic / genetics*
  • Genetic Markers / genetics
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease / genetics*
  • Genetic Testing / methods
  • Genetic Testing / trends*
  • Heart Failure / diagnosis*
  • Heart Failure / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Mutation / genetics
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide / genetics*


  • Genetic Markers