Operative intervention for geriatric hip fracture: does type of surgery affect hospital length of stay?

Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 2015 May;44(5):228-32.


Hip fractures are the most costly fall-related fractures. Differences in hospital length of stay (LOS) based on type of surgery could have major financial implications in a potential bundled payment system in which all hip fractures are reimbursed a standard amount. We conducted a study to analyze differences in hospital LOS and costs for total hip arthroplasty (THA), hemiarthroplasty (HA), cephalomedullary nailing, open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF), and closed reduction and percutaneous pinning (CRPP). Through retrospective chart review, 615 patients over age 60 years across a 9-year period at an urban level I trauma center were identified. Mean LOS and costs for hip fracture repair were 6.91 days and $30,011.25, respectively. HA/THA was associated with the longest mean LOS (7.43 days) and highest costs ($33,657.90). After several patient factors were adjusted for, ORIF was associated with 0.84 fewer in-patient days and $3805.20 less in hospitalization costs compared with HA/THA (P=.042). CRPP was associated with 1.63 fewer days and $7383.90 less in costs than HA/THA (P=.0076). Our results provide insight into the financial implications of hip fracture fixation and identify targets for quality improvement initiatives to improve efficiency of resource utilization.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Arthroplasty, Replacement / economics*
  • Fracture Fixation / economics*
  • Fracture Fixation / methods
  • Health Care Costs
  • Hip Fractures / economics
  • Hip Fractures / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Length of Stay
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Retrospective Studies