Aims: The aims of this study were to perform a whole-exome sequencing analysis of a breast cylindroma and to investigate the role of molecular analyses in the differentiation between breast cylindroma, a benign tumour that displays MYB expression, and CYLD gene mutations, and its main differential diagnosis, the breast solid-basaloid adenoid cystic carcinoma, a malignant tumour that is characterized by the presence of the MYB-NFIB fusion gene and MYB overexpression.
Methods and results: A 66-year-old female underwent quadrantectomy after an irregular dense shadow was discovered in the right breast at the screening mammogram. Histologically, the tumour displayed features suggestive of a solid-basaloid variant of adenoid cystic carcinoma with a differential diagnosis of cylindroma. Fluorescence in situ hybridization, reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, immunohistochemistry and whole-exome sequencing revealed absence of the MYB-NFIB fusion gene, low levels of MYB protein expression and a clonal somatic CYLD splice site mutation associated with loss of heterozygosity of the wild-type allele.
Conclusions: The results of the histological, immunohistochemical and molecular analyses were consistent with a diagnosis of breast cylindroma, providing a proof-of-principle that the integration of histopathological and molecular approaches can help to differentiate between a low-malignant potential and a benign breast tumour of triple-negative phenotype.
Keywords: adenoid cystic carcinoma; breast cancer; cylindroma; fluorescence in-situ hybridization; massively parallel sequencing.
© 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.