Development and implementation of a real-time 30-day readmission predictive model

AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2014 Nov 14:2014:424-31. eCollection 2014.

Abstract

Hospitals are under great pressure to reduce readmissions of patients. Being able to reliably predict patients at increased risk for rehospitalization would allow for tailored interventions to be offered to them. This requires the creation of a functional predictive model specifically designed to support real-time clinical operations. A predictive model for readmissions within 30 days of discharge was developed using retrospective data from 45,924 MGH admissions between 2/1/2012 and 1/31/2013 only including factors that would be available by the day after admission. It was then validated prospectively in a real-time implementation for 3,074 MGH admissions between 10/1/2013 and 10/31/2013. The model developed retrospectively had an AUC of 0.705 with good calibration. The real-time implementation had an AUC of 0.671 although the model was overestimating readmission risk. A moderately discriminative real-time 30-day readmission predictive model can be developed and implemented in a large academic hospital.

Keywords: 30-Day Readmissions; Predictive Modeling; Readmission Risk; Real-Time.

MeSH terms

  • Academic Medical Centers
  • Area Under Curve
  • Hospitals, General
  • Humans
  • Massachusetts
  • Models, Theoretical
  • Odds Ratio
  • Patient Readmission*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Factors