Functional analysis of the new barley gene HvKu80 indicates that it plays a key role in double-strand DNA break repair and telomere length regulation

Mutagenesis. 2015 Nov;30(6):785-97. doi: 10.1093/mutage/gev033. Epub 2015 May 9.


Genotoxic stress causes a reduced stability of the plant genome and has a detrimental effect on plant growth and productivity. Double-strand breaks (DSBs) are the most harmful of all DNA lesions because they cause the loss of genetic information on both strands of the DNA helix. In the presented study the coding and genomic sequences of the HvKu80 gene were determined. A mutational analysis of two fragments of HvKu80 using TILLING (Targeting Induced Local Lesions IN Genomes) allowed 12 mutations to be detected, which resulted in identification of 11 alleles. Multidirectional analyses demonstrated that the HvKu80 gene is involved in the elimination of DSBs in Hordeum vulgare. The barley mutants carrying the identified ku80.c and ku80.j alleles accumulated bleomycin-induced DSBs to a much greater extent than the parent cultivar 'Sebastian'. The altered reaction of the mutants to DSB-inducing agent and the kinetics of DNA repair in these genotypes are associated with a lower expression level of the mutated gene. The study also demonstrated the significant role of the HvKu80 gene in the regulation of telomere length in barley.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Alleles
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • DNA Breaks, Double-Stranded*
  • DNA Helicases / chemistry
  • DNA Helicases / genetics*
  • DNA Helicases / metabolism
  • DNA Mutational Analysis
  • DNA Repair*
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Plant
  • Gene Order
  • Genes, Plant*
  • Genetic Fitness
  • Homozygote
  • Hordeum / genetics*
  • Hordeum / growth & development
  • Hordeum / metabolism
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutation
  • Open Reading Frames
  • Sequence Alignment
  • Telomere Homeostasis / genetics*


  • DNA Helicases