Aims: Mitochondria-targeted hydrogen sulfide donor AP39, [(10-oxo-10-(4-(3-thioxo-3H-1,2-dithiol-5yl)phenoxy)decyl) triphenylphosphonium bromide], exhibits cytoprotective effects against oxidative stress in vitro. We examined whether or not AP39 improves the neurological function and long term survival in mice subjected to cardiac arrest (CA) and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).
Methods: Adult C57BL/6 male mice were subjected to 8 min of CA and subsequent CPR. We examined the effects of AP39 (10, 100, 1000 nmol kg(-1)) or vehicle administered intravenously at 2 min before CPR (Experiment 1). Systemic oxidative stress levels, mitochondrial permeability transition, and histological brain injury were assessed. We also examined the effects of AP39 (10, 1000 nmol kg(-1)) or vehicle administered intravenously at 1 min after return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) (Experiment 2). ROSC was defined as the return of sinus rhythm with a mean arterial pressure >40 mm Hg lasting at least 10 seconds.
Results: Vehicle treated mice subjected to CA/CPR had poor neurological function and 10-day survival rate (Experiment 1; 15%, Experiment 2; 23%). Administration of AP39 (100 and 1000 nmol kg(-1)) 2 min before CPR significantly improved the neurological function and 10-day survival rate (54% and 62%, respectively) after CA/CPR. Administration of AP39 before CPR attenuated mitochondrial permeability transition pore opening, reactive oxygen species generation, and neuronal degeneration after CA/CPR. Administration of AP39 1 min after ROSC at 10 nmol kg(-1), but not at 1000 nmol kg(-1), significantly improved the neurological function and 10-day survival rate (69%) after CA/CPR.
Conclusion: The current results suggest that administration of mitochondria-targeted sulfide donor AP39 at the time of CPR or after ROSC improves the neurological function and long term survival rates after CA/CPR by maintaining mitochondrial integrity and reducing oxidative stress.
Keywords: Cardiac arrest; Hydrogen sulfide; Mitochondria; Resuscitation.
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